When we talk about hemp, we tend to focus on CBD, which is the leading compound native to the hemp plant.
CBD has been widely studied for its many unique and exciting properties, and it’s considered a highly desirable compound which is why it’s so incredibly popular.
But, as most of you know, CBD is only one compound found in the plant, of which there are many.
Hemp is a fascinatingly diverse plant in terms of its chemical composition, with many interesting compounds that each have their own properties.
You may know that CBD belongs to a class of plant compounds known as cannabinoids, which are extremely unique in that they directly work with the endocannabinoid system that’s in all of us.
There are many other cannabinoids as well, and each of them work with this bodily system in their own special way.
This is why we think it’s important that we familiarize ourselves with all of the cannabinoids that are native to the hemp plant.
We’re going to be discussing another cannabinoid found in hemp, and it’s CBG.
CBG and CBD share a lot in common, but they are different enough that it’s worth exploring CBG on its own.
We’ll be talking about how this cannabinoid works with the body, the potential effects that it has, where you can find it and why you may find it useful in this official guide to cannabigerol (CBG).
The Endocannabinoid System and CBG
Before we get into the unique properties of CBG compared to the other cannabinoids found in hemp, we first have to discuss the endocannabinoid system.
That’s because this bodily system is what processes CBG along with the other cannabinoids, and so understanding how this system works allows you to grasp what makes CBG so special.
The endocannabinoid system is a bodily system that is found in every mammal.
It was only discovered in the 1990s, but since then, many researchers have uncovered fascinating information about it through a series of studies.
We know that the endocannabinoid system plays a big role in the maintenance of homeostasis, which is the bodily state in which every important process is functioning at its highest level.
Homeostasis is essentially a state of complete well-being.
So, how does the endocannabinoid system work?
Well, it utilizes a series of cannabinoid receptors that exist all throughout the body.
Both CB1 and CB2 receptors can be found within major bodily systems including the digestive system, the immune system, the neurological system, the endocrine system, the cardiovascular system and more.
These cannabinoid receptors correspond with bodily processes such as inflammation levels, pain levels, mood, sleep cycle, cognitive function and so on.
The endocannabinoid system can produce its own (endo)cannabinoids, and these cannabinoids are sent to the cannabinoid receptors throughout the body.
When the cannabinoids bond with cannabinoid receptors, chemical reactions occur that allow these bodily processes to become regulated.
Now, if you don't produce enough cannabinoids on your own, you might need some help.
This is where phytocannabinoids come in.
Phytocannabinoids are just a fancy way to refer to cannabinoids that come from plants.
And, the best source of phytocannabinoids is the cannabis plant, which is naturally rich in a diverse variety.
We know that CBD is a cannabinoid, as is THC.
But there are plenty of other cannabinoids that are not as abundant in hemp, although they may still be just as useful.
As you have probably guessed, CBG is one of the cannabinoids that we are referring to.
What is CBG?
CBG, which stands for cannabigerol, is a cannabinoid native to the hemp plant.
It’s a minor cannabinoid, meaning that it exists in very low amounts in the plant compared to other cannabinoids like CBD and CBN.
But why is that? Well, CBG is referred to as the 'Mother of Cannabinoids' because it is actually the cannabinoid that as it matures will develop into CBD, THC, and other minor cannabinoids.
Well, actually CBGA which is the acidic form of CBG, before decarboxylation occurs, or simply put before heat is applied and activates the CBGA into CBG.
So as the hemp plant matures and is exposed to heat (the sun), UV light, and oxygen, the CBGA transforms into CBG or one of the other acidic precursors to cannabinoids such as CBDA, THCA and CBCA.
CBGA results in not only seven analogs of itself, but produces the acidic precursors for all other major cannabinoids.
So as you can see, by the time the hemp plant is harvested for extraction, the CBG content is very low due it progressing into other cannabinoids like CBD or THC.
This means that when you consume the hemp plant whole, you’re only receiving a small amount of CBG compared to the other cannabinoids found in the plant material.
But things are starting to change!
As cannabis breeders have been working diligently to develop strains of hemp that actually reduce the conversion into other cannabinoids to render higher percentages of CBG.
So we are now seeing an increase in farmers growing CBG rich hemp flower, which you can try for yourself with the Free the Leaf CBG Flower by Green Roads!
What Does CBG Do?
CBG is not as easy to study as, say, THC and CBD, two cannabinoids that are far easier to isolate and extract from cannabis due to the fact that they exist in such high levels.
And, CBG has only recently been considered valuable in and of itself, which is why studies regarding its potential effects remain limited.
However, as more and more hemp enthusiasts show an interest in CBG, we expect to see more studies over the coming years.
What we do know is that CBG has some unique properties that make it very blissful.
- For one thing, there have been studies on the cannabinoid’s effects on irritable bowel disease (IBS).
- Bladder health research would be another.
- We also know that it has potential antibacterial properties.
- And, medical researchers are beginning to test its effects on glaucoma due to suggestions that it may have an impact on intraocular pressure.
Researchers also suggest that CBG may have anti-inflammatory properties, which seems to be the case with most cannabinoids found in hemp.
However, although these studies do look promising, these are certainly in no way definitive and much further research is required before any definitive medical claims can be made in regards to CBG and other cannabinoids for that matter!
CBG and other cannabinoid based products are not FDA approved.
Who Might Enjoy Using CBG?
Now that you know the potential properties of CBG, you can see if any of these properties apply to you.
CBG is also becoming very popular among hemp enthusiasts who are learning about the synergistic properties of the plant.
When we talk about hemp’s synergistic effects, we are referring to the way in which the plant compounds may maximize each other’s properties when consumed all at once, as nature intended.
Producing what's known as the entourage effect.
Which means that the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other phytonutrients work together with one another to enhance the potential benefits of each, providing synergistic effects.
In other words, it may be the case that all of the plant compounds in hemp are the most potent and bioavailable when taken together, in the form of the whole plant or full spectrum extract, which we will be getting to shortly.
How is CBG Derived?
CBG naturally occurs in the hemp plant, although its levels are very low.
Still, this doesn’t mean that it’s not effective.
Like we said, hemp has synergistic properties, which may mean that even though you’re only consuming a small amount, you’re maximizing its properties by combining it with other hemp compounds.
However, this is no longer the only option.
As we mentioned earlier, breeders have begun rolling out strains of CBG rich hemp that actually block the conversion of CBG into the other cannabinoids.
So when looking at a COA for a CBG rich strain, you will see a high amount of CBGA, some CBG, but you will notice the CBD and other minor cannabinoid levels will be lower.
It's also important to point out, that CBG hemp will still contain trace amounts of delta-9-THC, which is the cannabinoid that induces a high.
This is also the cannabinoid that is looked for in a drug test, so if you are worried about being tested we would not recommend smoking CBG or any hemp flower for that matter.
Where is CBG Available?
It used to be very unlikely that you’d find products that are pure CBG, as this would be extremely expensive to produce.
This is because of CBG’s low amounts in hemp.
To produce a single milliliter of CBG extract, a manufacturer would need to use an incredibly high volume of hemp plant material, and this would be very costly, not to mention time-consuming.
But because of the brilliant scientist, researchers, and breeders working together, CBG hemp genetics are quickly popping up across the industry!
Meaning that you can try CBG out for yourself, without breaking the bank.
But if you’ve been using a full or broad spectrum hemp product, you’ve already been consuming CBG.
Full spectrum hemp extract is a type of hemp extract that contains every single plant compound as it naturally occurs in hemp, and this includes CBG.
It also includes THC, but the amount is so low at <0.3%, it can’t get you high.
Then, there is broad spectrum hemp extract, which contains every plant compound such as CBD and CBG, except the THC has been removed from the remaining concentrate in order to be completely free of this intoxicating cannabinoid.
Most hemp products that are on the market come in broad and full spectrum varieties.
But of course we cannot forget to mention CBD isolate products, which are composed of well strictly CBD and no other cannabinoids or terpenes are present.
Also, bear in mind that some hemp strains contain higher levels of CBG than others, or the product may be derived from a CBG hemp plant.
The lab reports that come with a hemp product provide a breakdown of all of the compounds that exist in that particular strain or extract, including CBG.
What the Future of CBG May Hold
CBG is yet another plant compound derived from hemp that may be extremely useful to cannabis enthusiasts and wellness enthusiasts alike.
As you can see, CBG has much to offer all on its own but benefits may be far greater when combined with other cannabinoids like CBD, THC, CBN, and CBC.
If you’re interested in seeking out CBG, we believe that the best way to consume it is to take it along with all of the other cannabinoids in hemp, which can be done with a full spectrum or broad spectrum hemp extract product.
This allows you to experience the synergistic effects that hemp has to offer.
But of course, it's important for you to find a product and dosage that works best for you and your personal needs so we always recommend experimenting with the different cananbinoid profiles.
What is your opinion on leveraging CBG? Let us know by dropping a comment below, looking forward to chatting with all of your in the comments section 😃